Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood: Retrospective Genetic Study and Genotype-Phenotype Correlations in 187 Subjects from the US AHCF Registry.

TitleAlternating Hemiplegia of Childhood: Retrospective Genetic Study and Genotype-Phenotype Correlations in 187 Subjects from the US AHCF Registry.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsViollet L, Glusman G, Murphy KJ, Newcomb TM, Reyna SP, Sweney M, Nelson B, Andermann F, Andermann E, Acsadi G, Barbano RL, Brown C, Brunkow ME, Chugani HT, Cheyette SR, Collins A, DeBrosse SD, Galas D, Friedman J, Hood L, Huff C, Jorde LB, King MD, LaSalle B, Leventer RJ, Lewelt AJ, Massart MB, Mérida MR, Ptáček LJ, Roach JC, Rust RS, Renault F, Sanger TD, Sotero de Menezes MA, Tennyson R, Uldall P, Zhang Y, Zupanc M, Xin W, Silver K, Swoboda KJ
JournalPLoS One
Date Published2015
KeywordsChild, Child, Preschool, Cohort Studies, DNA Mutational Analysis, Female, Genetic Association Studies, Hemiplegia, Humans, Infant, Male, Registries, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase
Abstract<p>Mutations in ATP1A3 cause Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) by disrupting function of the neuronal Na+/K+ ATPase. Published studies to date indicate 2 recurrent mutations, D801N and E815K, and a more severe phenotype in the E815K cohort. We performed mutation analysis and retrospective genotype-phenotype correlations in all eligible patients with AHC enrolled in the US AHC Foundation registry from 1997-2012. Clinical data were abstracted from standardized caregivers' questionnaires and medical records and confirmed by expert clinicians. We identified ATP1A3 mutations by Sanger and whole genome sequencing, and compared phenotypes within and between 4 groups of subjects, those with D801N, E815K, other ATP1A3 or no ATP1A3 mutations. We identified heterozygous ATP1A3 mutations in 154 of 187 (82%) AHC patients. Of 34 unique mutations, 31 (91%) are missense, and 16 (47%) had not been previously reported. Concordant with prior studies, more than 2/3 of all mutations are clusteredin exons 17 and 18. Of 143 simplex occurrences, 58 had D801N (40%), 38 had E815K(26%) and 11 had G947R (8%) mutations [corrected].Patients with an E815K mutation demonstrate an earlier age of onset, more severe motor impairment and a higher prevalence of status epilepticus. This study further expands the number and spectrum of ATP1A3 mutations associated with AHC and confirms a more deleterious effect of the E815K mutation on selected neurologic outcomes. However, the complexity of the disorder and the extensive phenotypic variability among subgroups merits caution and emphasizes the need for further studies.</p>
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
PubMed ID25996915
PubMed Central IDPMC4440742
Grant ListP50 GM076547 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States